Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Business rule in India.[eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western world as sleeping apparel for guys till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people from the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pidzame pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century These are rather unusual.
Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown best above shorts or limited pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.